Part 2: Vocabulary

Beef:

  • Meat that comes from cattle

Beef cattle:

  • Cattle that are raised for their meat

Breed:

  • A group of animals of the same species that have certain features that are alike

Cereal grains:

  • Members of the grass family that produce grains, or seeds, which can be eaten

Dairy cattle:

  • Cattle that are raised in order to obtain dairy products

Dairy products:

  • Milk and foods that are made from milk such as cheese, ice cream, yogurt, and butter

Domestic animals:

  • Animals that have been tamed to live in a human environment
  • Not wild animals

Draft horse:

  • A horse that was developed to pull heavy loads
  • Larger, heavier, and more muscular than a light horse

Drift Prairie:

  • Second highest land in North Dakota
  • Covers most of the eastern half of North Dakota
  • Has good soil from glacier deposits

Edible:

  • Fit to eat

Feedlot:

  • An enclosed area where cattle are fed until they have gained enough weight to go to market

Fleece:

  • Wool coat of a sheep

Flour mill:

  • A place that grinds wheat to make flour

Fodder:

  • Livestock feed

Grain elevator:

  • A high structure containing several bins for grain storage
  • Buys grain from farmers

Humus:

  • Organic (from living things) matter in the soil
  • Provides nutrients for plants, loosens soil, and holds moisture in the soil

Legume:

  • A plant which has pods that hold the seeds

Livestock:

  • Animals that are raised on farms or ranches

Mane:

  • The long, coarse hair that grows from the neck of a horse

Milk:

  • The liquid food produced by cows for their calves

Missouri Plateau:

  • Highest region in North Dakota
  • West of the Drift Prairie and reaches to the Montana border

Mutton:

  • Meat from a mature sheep

Nectar:

  • A sweet liquid produced by flowers
  • Used by bees to make honey

Nursery:

  • A place where plants are grown for sale or experiments

Oilseed crops:

  • Crops with seeds that are grown mainly for their oils

Omnivore:

  • Plant and meat eater

Organic:

  • From living things

Polled:

  • Do not have horns

Pollen:

  • A powder produced by certain plants and must be carried from plant to plant in order for the plant to reproduce

Pollination:

  • Process of pollen being carried from one flower to another
  • Carried out when pollen sticks to the legs of bees and other insects

Pork:

  • Meat that comes from a hog

Poultry:

  • Birds raised for their eggs or meat

Production agriculture:

  • Producing and selling agricultural goods

Red River Valley:

  • Lowest region in North Dakota
  • Once the lakebed of ancient Lake Agassiz
  • Some of the richest soil and best farmland in the world
  • Nicknamed “The Breadbasket of the World”

Root crop:

  • A crop grown for its edible roots

Row crops:

  • Crops that are grown in rows

Shearing:

  • Shaving a sheep’s body to remove the fleece

Silage:

  • Livestock feed produced from green corn that has been chopped up and fermented, or pickled

Small grains:

  • Plants that have small, hard seeds which are usually used as food

Swather:

  • A machine that cuts down grain and lays it in windrows, or long rows, to dry

Swine:

  • Pigs or hogs

Wool:

  • The soft, curly hair that forms the fleece, or coat, of a sheep