Part 2: In a Nutshell

  • North Dakota has three major natural regions—the Red River Valley, the Drift Prairie, and the Missouri Plateau.
  • Some of the most fertile soil and best farmland in the world is found in the Red River Valley, which has been called the “Breadbasket of the World.”
  • Production agriculture, or producing and selling agricultural goods, is the leading industry of North Dakota.
  • About 90 percent of all the land in North Dakota is covered by farms and ranches.
  • Wheat is one of the most important food crops in the world and is the leading crop of North Dakota.
  • Hundreds of varieties of wheat have been developed by scientists at North Dakota State University (NDSU) in Fargo.
  • Almost all of the flax and canola grown in the United States comes from North Dakota.
  • North Dakota has several ethanol plants that produce millions of gallons of ethanol for fuel each year.
  • The Red River Valley is the largest producer of red potatoes in the United States.
  • The four main uses of potatoes are French fries, seed potatoes, potato chips, and fresh potatoes for cooking.
  • The most common types of livestock in North Dakota include beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, sheep, horses, and poultry.
  • The BueLingo breed of beef cattle was developed by a North Dakota farmer/rancher.
  • Holstein is the most popular breed of dairy cattle.
  • Horses are classified as light horses, ponies, and draft horses.
  • Chickens and turkeys are the most common types of poultry raised in North Dakota.
  • Sheep ranchers sometimes use llamas as guard animals to protect the sheep from predators.