Section 3: Legislative Branch

The legislative branch of the United States government is called Congress. Congress is made up of two separate bodies (houses) called the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Voters from each state elect two senators; therefore, the United States Senate is made up of 100 members (2 × 50 states =100). The House of Representatives is much larger than the Senate because it is based on the population in each state. It is composed of 435 members. North Dakota has one representative, but California, which has a much larger population, has over 50. Each state must have at least one representative.

U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C.

Figure 10. U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. The U.S. Capitol is home to Congress which is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. (U.S. Department of Defense)