Geology, Geography

Resources

Textbook

Geology, Geography, and Climate contains 116 pages. Students are introduced to the major geological eras, the three regions of North Dakota, as well as the weather and climate of the state.
 

Teacher Resource Guide 

The purpose of this Teacher Resource Guide is to assist the teacher in teaching about Geology, Geography, and Climate. It is intended to be interdisciplinary and to act as a guide to supplement other activities that may be used in the classroom.

Review and discussion questions, vocabulary, and additional activities are included and available in print and CD-ROM versions of the Teacher Resource Guide.

 

Books

Students can write and illustrate a children’s book on anything related to North Dakota geology. Share the books with students in kindergarten through third grade after sharing them with classmates.

Children's Literature Checklist

 

Dinosaur Activities

Have students list the dinosaurs from the “Age of Reptiles.”

Find pictures of dinosaurs from the Mesozoic Era and cut them in half. Give the students only one half of the picture and have them draw the other half any way they desire. When completed, have them give it a name and then write a descriptive paragraph about their newly created dinosaur.

Have students pantomime or act out various kinds of dinosaurs and have other students guess what kind of dinosaur is being portrayed.

 

Diorama

Have students create a diorama (a shoe box placed flat or on its side is used, along with any materials the students may have) or a poster board depicting one of the four geologic eras from the geologic time table. This can be an individual, partner, or small-group project.

Poster Board Rubic

 

Field Trips

Take field trips to the Dinosaur Museum in Dickinson, the state Capitol grounds to view the petrified wood, the Heritage Center for paleontology, or one of the coal mines in North Dakota to learn first-hand how lignite coal is mined in North Dakota.

 

Games

Play North Dakota Geology Bingo (blank card linked below). Have the students fill in the blank boxes with geology words provided. Shuffle the vocabulary cards with the definitions for the caller to use. The caller will select a card, read the definition, and the students will place a marker on the word that matches the definition. When BINGO is called, the student must read the word and give the definition before it is counted.

Bingo Card

Have students create a North Dakota geology board game using the North Dakota geology questions provided.

Board Game Rubric

Have students play these games using questions from the text: BINGO, Jeopardy, Wheel of Fortune, Trivial Pursuit, etc. The following site is a wonderful site with templates, directions, and examples of Jeopardy, Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, or Hollywood Squares using PowerPoint. Possible categories: Geologic Eras; Geologic Periods; Dinosaurs; Glacial Effects or Remains; Rocks, Minerals, Fossils, Deposits.

PowerPoint Activities

 

Geological Eras

Have students list the major geological eras of North Dakota and give characteristics of each.

Geological Era Chart

Have students graph, chart, or create a timeline for the major geological eras of North Dakota from oldest to most recent.

Geological Era Timeline Rubric

Students can illustrate dinosaurs from the Mesozoic Era and describe each in detail either in writing or orally to another classmate. (Note: One student could describe the dinosaur while the other student draws what is being described)

Have students illustrate and describe the mammals present during the Tertiary Period or the “Age of Mammals.”

Have students write and perform puppet shows, slide shows (electronic or hand created), TV shows, etc., teaching about each of the geological eras of North Dakota.

 

Glossary Activities

Students can create and illustrate a North Dakota geological glossary. Include the time periods for each era. Identify the place values for each (i.e., ones, tens, hundreds, etc.). \

 

Journal Ideas

“What if…” you lived during any of these eras? How would you have felt? Could you have survived? Which era would have most interested you and why?

Reflect on the causes of extinction of dinosaurs. This could also be used as a debate topic.

Formal Debate Guidelines

 

Poetry

Have students create poetry corresponding to the North Dakota Studies unit they are studying:

Couplets (two-line stanza that rhymes).

Triplets (three-line poems). A triplet may be written in the shape of a triangle and can be read by starting at any corner.

  • Patterns include ABB (two of the lines rhyme)
  • AAA (all three lines rhyme)
  • ABC (no lines rhyme)

Haiku

  • Line 1—five syllables
  • Line 2—seven syllables
  • Line 3—five syllables

Cinquain

  • Line 1—one word (title)
  • Line 2—two words (describe the title)
  • Line 3—three words (describe an action)
  • Line 4—four words (describe a feeling)
  • Line 5—one word (refer back to the title)

Diamanté (Diamond)

  • Line 1—one noun (subject #1)
  • Line 2—two adjectives (describing subject #1)
  • Line 3—three participles (ending in –ing, telling about subject)
  • Line 4—four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2)
  • Line 5—three participles (about subject #2)
  • Line 6—two adjectives (describing subject #2)
  • Line 7—one noun (subject #2)

ABC Poetry (Start with A and go through the alphabet writing a word for each letter. You may make several sentences, but the information should be about North Dakota.)

Acrostic Poems (The first letters of the line spell out a word that has something to do with the poem.)

Lanterns (Japanese poem that is written in the shape of a Japanese lantern).

  • Line 1—one syllable
  • Line 2—two syllables
  • Line 3—three syllables
  • Line 4—four syllables
  • Line 5—one syllable

 

Research Activities

Using the colored Prehistoric Life of North Dakota map provided and/or the Internet site below, have students select an animal found on the map, compare the fossil remains with the actual animal, research that animal, illustrate or create a replica of it, and either write a report, create a poster with the appropriate information provided, write a nonfiction book about the selected animal, or provide another means of demonstrating knowledge for the selected animal.

North Dakota Geological Survey

Children's Literature Checklist

Students can define, list, describe, and/or categorize fossils found in North Dakota.

Have students research surface mining of lignite coal and graphically organize the steps in mining lignite coal in North Dakota.

 

Venn Diagrams

Have students use a two-circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics of the Quaternary Period with the Tertiary Period.

2-circle Venn Diagram

Students can use a two-circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics of herbivores and carnivores.

2-circle Venn Diagram

 

Vocabulary

Have students use the geology vocabulary included in this packet to create word games, word searches, mazes, crack the code, etc. These can be created by subscribing to site below. This site grants you the right to reproduce as many worksheets as needed for noncommercial, individual, or classroom use.

edhelper.com

Students can take any geology vocabulary word and create as many words as possible using only the letters found in that word (e.g., glaciers = ice, race, glare, slice, etc.).

Students can create a rap song or a jingle which could be used to teach others about the geology of North Dakota. Use the vocabulary and definitions provided. Good tunes to use for a jingle include: “Row, Row, Row Your Boat,” “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star,” etc. However, students can create their own tune with songs they are familiar with.

Have students write each word 2–3 times with each hand. (These are strong activities as they promote greater brain activity and concentration.)

Have students compose a fiction/nonfiction story using North Dakota geological vocabulary.

Children's Literature Checklist

Have students write each word (cursive) at least three times.

Create a City

Have students invent and create a new hypothetical city in North Dakota. They may work alone or form a city council to make decisions regarding the new city. Activities may include the following:

  • Determining its location, population, sites of historical interest, etc.
  • Compiling a list of items to consider when starting a new city.
  • Drawing/illustrating the new city. Have them include a compass rose, legend, and scale of distance (e.g., ¼ inch = 1 block).
  • Creating a story, play, or a newspaper article about the city and its characters to share with the class.
  • Meeting as a city council to try to figure out ways to get tourists to come to their city. What attractions will there be?

Debate Ideas

Have students debate the following:

  • Pros and cons of building the Garrison Dam.
  • Pros and cons of building a Devil’s Lake outlet.
  • North Dakota has too many colleges and universities.
  • North Dakota has too many counties.

For more Formal Debate Guidelines click here

Games

Have students create a North Dakota geography board game using the North Dakota geography questions provided in the Teacher Resource Guide.

Board Game Rubric

Have students play these games using questions from the text: BINGO, Jeopardy, Wheel of Fortune, Trivial Pursuit, etc. The following site is a wonderful site with templates, directions, and examples of Jeopardy, Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, or Hollywood Squares using PowerPoint. Suggested Categories: Counties and Cities of North Dakota; Water in North Dakota; Landforms in North Dakota; Location of North Dakota and Tourism Sites.

PowerPoint Activities

Play North Dakota Geography Bingo. Have students fill in the blank boxes with geography words provided. Have a list of words created along with the definition and cut them into small pieces. The caller will select a card, read the definition, and the students will place a marker on the word that matches the definition. When BINGO is called, the student must read the word and give the definition before it is counted. (Note: This can be used as an assessment tool.)

Blank Bingo Card

Glossary Activity

Students can create a North Dakota Geography Glossary with illustrations and definitions.

Graphic Organizers

Have students graphically organize their notes by visually illustrating the geographical features of North Dakota.

Sample Mind Map

Journal Ideas

Have students write their thoughts on the following:

  • What can North Dakota do to keep people in the state?
  • Why do people want to stay in North Dakota? Leave North Dakota?

Map Skills

Use a world map to create a poster of North Dakota to show its location in the world (continent, country, region).

Compute the latitude and longitude of the major cities in North Dakota.

Locate and label the major landforms and cities on a North Dakota map.

Compare the latitude and longitude of various locations in the world with a North Dakota city (e.g., Paris, France, and Bismarck).

Plan a trip around North Dakota using a North Dakota map. Students can create an itinerary for one week keeping in mind that they will want to see as much as they can. Figure the cost of transportation (gas), how many total miles they will be traveling, lodging (motels, camping, etc.), food, entertainment, visiting historical sites, etc. They may need to use the Internet to find the information needed.

Model Diorama

Have students create a model (e.g., diorama) showing the three natural regions of North Dakota.

Mural/Montage

Students can design a North Dakota montage/mural in the shape of North Dakota.

Poetry

Have students create poetry corresponding to the North Dakota Studies unit they are studying:

Couplets (two-line stanza that rhymes).

Triplets (three-line poems). A triplet may be written in the shape of a triangle and can be read by starting at any corner.

  • Patterns include ABB (two of the lines rhyme)
  • AAA (all three lines rhyme)
  • ABC (no lines rhyme)

Haiku

  • Line 1—five syllables
  • Line 2—seven syllables
  • Line 3—five syllables

Cinquain

  • Line 1—one word (title)
  • Line 2—two words (describe the title)
  • Line 3—three words (describe an action)
  • Line 4—four words (describe a feeling)
  • Line 5—one word (refer back to the title)

Diamanté (Diamond)

  • Line 1—one noun (subject #1)
  • Line 2—two adjectives (describing subject #1)
  • Line 3—three participles (ending in –ing, telling about subject)
  • Line 4—four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2)
  • Line 5—three participles (about subject #2)
  • Line 6—two adjectives (describing subject #2)
  • Line 7—one noun (subject #2)

ABC Poetry (Start with A and go through the alphabet writing a word for each letter. You may make several sentences, but the information should be about North Dakota.)

Acrostic Poems (The first letters of the line spell out a word that has something to do with the poem.)

Lanterns (Japanese poem that is written in the shape of a Japanese lantern).

  • Line 1—one syllable
  • Line 2—two syllables
  • Line 3—three syllables
  • Line 4—four syllables
  • Line 5—one syllable

PowerPoint/iMovie

Have groups of students create a PowerPoint or iMovie slide show on North Dakota cities, landforms, or counties.

Research Activity

Students can graph the major counties/cities in North Dakota by population and/or area, largest to smallest

Venn Diagrams

Have students use the three-circle Venn Diagram to list the similarities and differences for the three regions of North Dakota (Red River Valley, Drift Prairie, and Missouri Plateau).

Three-Circle Venn Diagram

North Dakota Region Map

Have the students use a two-circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast topics related to North Dakota geography.

Two-Circle Venn Diagram

Vocabulary

Have students use the geography vocabulary included in Geology, Geography, and Climate Teacher Resource Guide to create word games, word searches, mazes, crack the code, etc. These can be created by subscribing to following site. This site grants you the right to reproduce as many worksheets as needed for noncommercial, individual, or classroom use.

edhelper.com

Have students write each word (cursive) at least three times.

Writing Activities

Have students compose a rap song/jingle about North Dakota.

Have students choose one city in North Dakota and write a story about it (advantages and disadvantages of living in that city).

Have students choose a town in North Dakota and create a “World’s Largest __________” and explain its significance.

Have students write papers on peace. (What is peace? How can I practice peace and make a difference in my school, city, state, country, or world?)

Books

Using the Checklist provided below, have students write and illustrate a children’s book on weather in North Dakota. It could be either fiction or nonfiction. Share the books with students in kindergarten through third grade after sharing them with classmates.

Children's Literature Checklist

Climate Maps

Students can create a climate map of North Dakota using information found on the Internet. Web sites can be found at the link below:

Field Trips

Take a field trip to a weather station.

Meterology

Invite a guest meteorologist into your classroom to speak.

Have students pretend they are meteorologists and create a simulated radio or television weather forecast using the current weather predictions as found on the Internet or in the local newspaper. Have them take into consideration the jet stream, air pressure, winds, and any other variable that may affect the weather.

Poetry

Have students create poetry corresponding to the North Dakota Studies unit they are studying:

Couplets (two-line stanza that rhymes).

Triplets (three-line poems). A triplet may be written in the shape of a triangle and can be read by starting at any corner.

  • Patterns include ABB (two of the lines rhyme)
  • AAA (all three lines rhyme)
  • ABC (no lines rhyme)

Haiku

  • Line 1—five syllables
  • Line 2—seven syllables
  • Line 3—five syllables

Cinquain

  • Line 1—one word (title)
  • Line 2—two words (describe the title)
  • Line 3—three words (describe an action)
  • Line 4—four words (describe a feeling)
  • Line 5—one word (refer back to the title)

Diamanté (Diamond)

  • Line 1—one noun (subject #1)
  • Line 2—two adjectives (describing subject #1)
  • Line 3—three participles (ending in –ing, telling about subject)
  • Line 4—four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2)
  • Line 5—three participles (about subject #2)
  • Line 6—two adjectives (describing subject #2)
  • Line 7—one noun (subject #2)

ABC Poetry (Start with A and go through the alphabet writing a word for each letter. You may make several sentences, but the information should be about North Dakota.)

Acrostic Poems (The first letters of the line spell out a word that has something to do with the poem.)

Lanterns (Japanese poem that is written in the shape of a Japanese lantern).

  • Line 1—one syllable
  • Line 2—two syllables
  • Line 3—three syllables
  • Line 4—four syllables
  • Line 5—one syllable

Seasons

Divide the class into four groups (seasons) and assign each group to list the pros and cons for their assigned season in North Dakota. Rotate the lists for each season so all groups will have contributed to the four seasons. Discuss.

Vocabulary

Have students use the climate vocabulary included in this packet to create word games, word searches, mazes, crack the code, etc. These can be created by subscribing to following site. This site grants you the right to reproduce as many worksheets as needed for noncommercial, individual, or classroom use.

edhelper.com

Have students take any climate vocabulary word and create as many words as possible using only the letters found in that word (e.g., precipitation = price, pie, trip, pain, etc.).

Have students compose a fiction/nonfiction story using North Dakota weather vocabulary.

Have students create a rap song or a jingle which could be used to teach others about the climate and weather of North Dakota. Use the vocabulary and definitions provided. Good tunes to use for a jingle include: “Row, Row, Row Your Boat,” “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star,” etc. However, students can create their own tunes with songs they are familiar with.

Water Cycle

Have students “Create Their Own Water Cycle” by placing about an inch of water in a plastic bowl. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and seal with a rubber band.

Set the bowl in the sun or in a heated place. The heat will evaporate the water, which will then rise and collect on the plastic. As it cools, it will condense and fall back into the container as precipitation.

Have the students illustrate what is happening throughout the experiment. (Variations: Students can dramatize the water cycle where one person acts as precipitation, one as condensation, and one as evaporation.)

Maps

Other Assessments

Rubrics

Teaching Aids

Click on any of the topics below for a list of web sites with more information.

Edhelper.com

Edhelper.com grants you the right to reproduce as many worksheets as needed for noncommercial, individual, or classroom use. There is a minimal subscription fee.
North Dakota Theme Unit

Netstate.com

Netstate.com provides information about North Dakota.

teAchnology

teAchnology allows you to create your own horizontal or vertical timeline electronically.
teAchnology allows you to create your own horizontal or vertical timeline electronically.

Discovery Education

Discovery Education is used to create a variety of educational puzzles.

FCPS Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment

FCPS Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment is a wonderful site with templates, directions, and examples of Jeopardy, Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, or Hollywood Squares by using Power Point.

Scholastic

Scholastic provides links to lesson plans and a list of interactive sites for students. It is a fantastic resource for teachers!
This Interactive Website is for teacher and student use. It offers lesson plans and teaching strategies in varying grade levels for teacher use. Students can use the online activities tab to study all different areas including social studies, language arts, science, and math. This also covers varying grade levels.

Sites for Teachers

This Sites for Teachers website provides links to several sites where lesson plans, games, teaching tips, etc. are made available.

Geosense

Geosense is an online, one-two player geography based game. Compete alone or against an online opponent to place a city on a world/continent map as quickly and accurately as you can.

Pro Teacher

Pro Teacher is an excellent site for plans, assessments, themes, etc.

 

Specific to North Dakota

Netstate.com

Netstate.com has a variety of North Dakota maps.
Introduction to North Dakota

edhelper.com

North Dakota Theme Unit

Worldatlas

Maps and more

 

Geology Resources

North Dakota Geological Survey

North Dakota Geological Survey

North Dakota State University

Geology in North Dakota 
Resources for geology and geography of North Dakota

About.com

Bedrock geological map of North Dakota

Dakota Dinosaur Museum

Dakota Dinosaur Museum in Dickinson North Dakota

State Historical Society of North Dakota

Exhibit on the “Dakota” Dino-Mummy

Enchanted Learning

Tyrannosaurus rex 
Features many pictures of dinosaurs and many educational classroom activities.

Dinosaur World

Site on various dinosaurs and fossils

 

Geography Resources

National Association of Counties

National Association of Counties (with interactive map)

Worldatlas

Maps and more

Minnesota State University Moorhead

Collection of links from the library at Minnesota State University Moorhead

About.com

Nice assortment of map links

netstate.com

North Dakota Maps

National Atlas

Continental Divide in North Dakota

Fact Monster

Facts about North Dakota and printable outline maps

50states.com

Find the capital, flag, bird, order, flower, tree, song, and other facts for each state

United States Census Bureau

People quick facts comparing North Dakota and the United States

ePodunk

Population growth of North Dakota counties

Digital Topo Maps

Online access to several types of maps. Small fees required.

Wikipedia

Comprehensive list of North Dakota rivers 
Comprehensive information on North Dakota from demographics to geography to facts to history, regions of North Dakota, etc.

The University of Texas at Austin

North Dakota maps

 

Climate Resources

North Dakota State University

List of links for weather and climate of North Dakota 
The "Fargo Flood" homepage from NDSU.

US Geological Survey

Site prepared by Ray E. Jensen, Climatologist for North Dakota Weather Service with information about blizzards, temperature, wind, etc.

rssWeather.com

North Dakota Climate Graphs for Bismarck, Fargo, and Williston 
North Dakota Climate Graphs for Bismarck, Fargo, and Williston

Western Regional Climate Center

North Dakota Precipitation Map

MSN

Weather updates for anywhere in the world

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Eduacation resources from the National Weather Service. 
National Weather Service information for Bismarck. Can put in any city or zip code for current weather information 
United States Interactive Climate Pages 
Wind Chill Chart and information

Climate ZONE.com

Climate of North Dakota and any area in the world

Regioanal Weather Information Center

UND Aerospace site for the Regional Weather Information Center

MSN

Jet Stream positions

Weather Underground

View current temperatures, wind chills, jet stream, visibility, and forecasts for any city in the world, etc.

 

Maps & Charts from Student Text

 

Resources On Page

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