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North Dakota: Legendary. Follow the trail of legends

Energy Resources of North Dakota

  • Difference between source and resource:
    • Source:  a place where one can get a valuable item. Example:  A coal mine is a source of coal.
    • Resource:  a valuable item that one uses. Example:  Coal is a resource.


Oil pumps Natural gas Coal
  • Nonrenewable:
    • Petroleum (crude oil)
      • Petroleum is found in the Williston Basin in western North Dakota.
      • Oil is produced in 17 North Dakota counties.
      • North Dakota is the second leading petroleum producing state in the United States.
    • Natural gas
      • Natural gas is found along with petroleum deposits in western North Dakota.
    • Coal
      • Coal is the main energy source used for generating electricity
      • The kind of coal found in North Dakota is a very soft coal called lignite.
      • Lignite coal is mined in western North Dakota.
        • The supply of lignite in North Dakota is enough to last more than 800 years.


Geothermal power station Hydro electric dam Solar panels Biomass Wind Turbines
  • Renewable:
    • Wind
      • North Dakota's wind resources rank 6th in the United States.
        • Wind farms are located in 20 North Dakota counties as of 2017.
    • Geothermal
      • Geothermal means heat from the earth.
      • North Dakota has potential for using geothermal energy to produce electricity.
      • Geothermal energy can also be used to heat homes.
    • Hydro
      • Hydroelectric power is electrical power produced by water.
      • The Garrison Dam is the only producer of hydroelectric power in North Dakota.
    • Solar
      • Solar power uses energy from the sun.
      • Some North Dakota farmers and ranchers use solar power to pump water for cattle to drink.
    • Biomass/Biofuels
      • Biomass includes all plant and animal matter.
      • Biofuels are fuels developed from living matter.
        • Ethanol and biodiesel are examples of biofuels.
          • North Dakota has four ethanol plants and one biodiesel plant.
    • Recovered Energy
      • Recovered energy is also known as heat-recovery energy or waste heat energy.
        • Hot exhaust is captured and used to create electricity.