Part 2: Vocabulary

Agriculture Commissioner:

  • Oversees all activities of the state Department of Agriculture

Amendments:

  • Additions or changes

Appeal:

  • Court case that is brought from a lower court to a higher court to be heard again

Attorney General:

  • Lawyer for the state

Bank of North Dakota:

  • The only state-owned bank in the United States

Bicameral:

  • Two separate bodies that have equal power
  • Senate and House of Representatives

Biennial:

  • Every two years

Bill:

  • Draft of a law

Bill of Rights:

  • First 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
  • List of people’s rights that the government must protect

Census:

  • Count of the people

Chamber:

  • Room

Checks and balances:

  • Sharing and balancing power so that one branch cannot have more power than the others

Chief Justice:

  • Presides over the Supreme Court

Civil case:

  • Involves disputes concerning people’s rights

Congress:

  • Legislative branch of the U.S. government
  • Made up of the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives

Constitution:

  • A document containing rules and laws explaining how the government is organized and run

Criminal case:

  • Involves someone being accused of doing something illegal

Decennial:

  • Every 10 years

Declaration of Rights:

  • The bill of rights of North Dakota
  • Consists of 25 items

Executive branch:

  • Makes sure the laws are enforced
  • President is in charge of the executive branch of the U.S. government
  • Governor is in charge of the executive branch of state government

Governor:

  • Chief executive officer of the state

Hearing:

  • Public discussion

Illegal:

  • Against the law

Initiative:

  • Citizens make laws through petitions and voting

Insurance Commissioner:

  • Responsible for making sure state laws regarding insurance are followed

Judicial branch:

  • Explains the laws and settles disputes, or conflicts
  • Made up of the court system

Justice:

  • Judge on the Supreme Court

Legislative Assembly:

  • Legislative branch of North Dakota government
  • State legislature
  • Law-making body

Legislative branch:

  • Makes the laws
  • Made up of Senate and House of Representatives

Lieutenant Governor:

  • Becomes the chief executive if the Governor resigns, dies, or is unable to fulfill duties

Majority:

  • Over half

Municipal Courts:

  • Deal with violations of city ordinances

North Dakota House of Representatives:

  • One of the two bodies of the legislative branch

North Dakota Senate:

  • One of the two bodies of the legislative branch

North Dakota Supreme Court:

  • Highest court in the state

Override:

  • Win against a Governor’s veto by two-thirds vote of both the Senate and the House

Population:

  • Number of people

Preamble:

  • Introduction

Public Service Commissioners:

  • Board of three people who oversee state transportation and communication

Ratified:

  • Approved

Recall:

  • Citizens remove an official from office by petitions and voting

Referendum:

  • Citizens reject laws by petitions and voting

Secretary of State:

  • Chief clerk of the state

Separation of powers:

  • Separating government power and dividing it into three branches

State Auditor:

  • Bookkeeper of the state
  • Examines how the state uses its money

State Treasurer:

  • Handles all money received by the state

Superintendent of Public Instruction:

  • In charge of state education department

Supreme:

  • Highest

Tax Commissioner:

  • In charge of collecting special taxes

U.S. House of Representatives:

  • Composed of 435 members
  • Membership is based on the population of each state
  • North Dakota has one U.S. Representative

U.S. Senate:

  • Composed of 100 members
  • Two members from each state
  • North Dakota has two U.S. Senators

U.S. Supreme Court:

  • Highest court of the United States
  • Made up of nine justices (judges)

Veto:

  • Reject

Washington, D.C.:

  • Capital of the United States
  • Located between Virginia and Maryland
  • Site of many federal buildings